Stone Varieties


Granites are undoubtedly the most popular stone type used in countertop applications today. Granites are an excellent choice for kitchen countertops, floors and other heavily used surfaces because of their hardness, low absorption rates and resistance to high temperatures. This group of stones, in a commercial sense, includes many stone materials that are not true granites by geological definition. They are commercially sold as granite due to similar working and performance properties. These are some of the hardest dimensional stones, offering high levels of resistance to abrasion and scratching. The primary minerals in granite materials are resistant to virtually all chemicals found in a residential setting.


Marbles are traditionally prized for their aesthetic appeal, accentuated by pronounced veining and often bold colors. Marble is ideal for bathrooms, foyers, floors, wall cladding and hearths. Marble has also become a very popular choice for countertops. Due to their mineralogical makeup, marbles are vulnerable to either abrasion or chemical attack. Exposure to acidic solutions such as lemon juice, tomatoes, red wine and vinegar should be avoided. Acidic solutions can permanently etch the surface of marble. Although impregnating sealers do an excellent job of preventing stains, they do little to reduce vulnerability to acid attack. Please consult The Stone Collection or your qualified stone fabricator with specific application questions.


Limestones & Travertines feature soft earth tones providing great design flexibility. Being of calcium-based makeup, limestones and travertines will have use and care characteristics similar to marble.


Onyx is prized for it’s unique colors and veining, but is best known for it’s translucent properties allowing for stunning effects when backlit. The decorative appeal of onyx is unsurpassed by any other material. When compared to true marbles, onyx tends to have lower levels of resistance to both chemical and abrasion exposure.
Soapstone is a very popular choice in laboratories and classrooms due to its very high resistance to chemicals and heat. Due to it’s talc content, soapstone is smooth and pleasing to touch. Soapstone is not very hard and therefore vulnerable to scratching and abrasive attack. Soapstone is typically top treated with food grade mineral oil to retain it’s luster and aid in masking the small scratches common with softer materials Please consult The Stone Collection or your qualified stone fabricator with specific application questions.


Sandstone is a sedimentary rock commonly used in exterior applications, but it’s popularity in countertop and bathroom applications is on the rise. The durability and performance of sandstones vary greatly. Please consult The Stone Collection or your qualified stone fabricator with specific application questions.


Quartzite is a metamorphic rock formed from sandstone. Not only beautiful, quartzite can be of exceptional strength, density and hardness. The abrasion resistance and weathering durability of quartzite allow for it’s use in almost any application. You’ll find quartzite organized under granite at The Stone Collection.


Engineered Quartz is created through a manufacturing process that mixes approximately 93-95 percent ground natural quartz with 5-7 percent polymer resins. The result is a super-hard, low-maintenance, natural stone-look countertop available in a dazzling array of colors. Quartz can be used in every application as the above-mentioned stones excluding outdoors. There are many brands to choose from including Cambria, Caesarstone, Silestone, LG Viatera & Samsung Radianz.


The NEOLITH sintered compact surface slab is a trendsetting material that is redefining the future of interior design. With an extensive range of colors and finishes, NEOLITH is a designer product that has created exciting possibilities for interior decorating applications and exterior cladding projects. NEOLITH is an admirable competitor when compared to common surface materials such as marble, granite, engineered stone and other cladding materials.
NEOLITH can withstand much higher temperatures than most competing surfaces and the larger slab size means increased cost effectiveness and project efficiency.

Additional Information is located here:

Rock Info

Marble Institute of America